Flora

  • Trees
    A wide variety of trees grow in the island’s rainforest.
    • Kapok – Found in a few different varieties and many different sizes ranging from small saplings to towering 150’ monsters.
    • Pterocarpus – Using an odd buttressed root system this tree is often mistaken for a stand of smaller trees surrounding a single larger one.
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    • Palms – Different palms including coconut palms and date palms
    • Banana plants – Produce bananas and plaintains
    • Citrus trees – Oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, etc
    • Other fruit trees – Mangos, papaya, guava, starfruit, berries, and pomegranate
    • Nut trees – Many different kinds of nuts including cacao, brazil nuts
  • Bromiliads – Pineapples are part of a group of plants called bromeliads. These plants have stiff leaves that help water travel to the center of the plant. A big bromeliad provides a home for insects and small water animals.
  • Lianas – Lianas are climbing plants. They climb the canopy in search of light. They wrap around branches and link from tree to tree. Lianas send roots that hang in midair, called aerial roots. These roots spread when they hit the ground and help support other climbing plants.
  • Orchids – Orchids are an epiphyte. Epiphytes are plants that live on other plants. They often are found on tree trunks and branches of trees. The orchid traps rainfall with its aerial roots. Orchids are one of the many prized flowers of the rain forest.
  • Periwinkles – The rosy periwinkle is found in the rain forest. It is part of the “dogbane” family.
  • Vines – Many different kinds of vines can be found, some never reach the ground. Instead they cling to the aerial roots of the trees, absorbing their nutrients from the spongy bark,
  • Ferns and Fungi – The moist, rotting vegetation of the jungle floor is perfect for ferns and fungi. Very large specemins of each can be found including mushrooms over 6’ across and ferns over 50’ tall.

Flora

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